March 12, 2010

Marcello Cammi, Giardino delle sculture / Sculpture garden

all pictures (2000-2001) courtesy 
of Roberto Keller Veirana, Flickr

A small bridge over the Sasso river connected the Via del Pescatori in Bordighera (Italy) with Marcello  Cammi's garden, located near the Mediterranean Sea. On the picture the bridge is dotted with sculptures and so was the garden. Cammi's site included hundreds of sculptures.

No use to go there and take a look. The bridge and the garden have gone, the sculptures have disappeared.

Life and works

Born in San Remo, a community on Italy's Ligurian coast not far from the border with France, Marcello Cammi (1912-1994) at a very young age lost his mother.

Father and son moved to the nearby community of Bordighera and as a young man Cammi would assist his father, who had a business in making garden elements from concrete.

In 1935 he married and the couple soon got a son.

Some sources describe Cammi as a revolutionary or an anarchist, but probably he was rather a communist Italian style. Anyhow, during WWII he joined the Russian army in the war against Germany. He lost a finger of his left hand in 1941 and at the end of the war he was interned in Mauthausen. That period may have influenced his later artistic expressions.

Once returned to Bordighera, Cammi resumed his profession as a mason, making concrete garden elements for his customers, such as benches, tables, fish pools or fences.

In the late 1940s, early 1950s Cammi began making sculptures by covering modeled iron frames with concrete. He displayed the sculptures in the garden around his house on a plot of land he rented from the city, an area located along the local Sasso river.

His sculptures included mythological characters, women, holy persons, animals, skeletal bodies reflecting the situation in Mauthausen and many other works, not just sculptures, but also artwork in low reliefs, half busts or  masks. A large part of his work was dedicated to the partisans of the Italian resistance during the war.

Active in sculpting during the rest of his life, Cammi may have produced some 3000 sculptures. and besides sculpting, he also made a large number of paintings.

The fate of the garden

Marcello Cammi died November 3, 1994, soon after his son had died from a disease. His wife, Vittorina Cammi, has tried to take care of the sculpture garden, but she had to do this without any support from the community or local authorities.

The small river Sasso that runs along the garden could occasionally flow violently and in 1998 a flooding demolished its banks and some of the sculptures.

Around 2000 a French group of lovers of outsider art has tried to interest local authorities in taking measures to regulate the river to protect the sculpture garden against flooding, but this action was in vain.

In 2005 a gas explosion at the premises caused the death of Vittoria Cammi and the destruction of another number of sculptures. On September 14, 2006 there was another flooding of the river, that destructed more creations or washed them into the sea.

A number of sculptures, legated to the city by Vittoria Cammi before her death,  were saved and were stored in various places

The September 2006 flooding was the end of Cammi's art environment. In October 2006, the city, owner of the terrain, cleaned the site with a bulldozer.

The paintings

Many paintings however have been saved and have been presented at expositions.

A project to restore and re-expose the sculptures

What remained of Cammi's creations was stored in Bordighera in different locations. Around 2018, Marco Farotto, chairman of the council of Bordighera, took the initiative for a project to bring all the stored works together in one place, restore them and then find a suitable place where they can be exposed. This project was supported by the Mayor of Bordighera, Vittorio Ingenito.

A number of sculptures have now (2020) been renovated and on May 3, 2021, the Giardino di Cammi was inaugurated, an open space near the beach of Arziglia, where seven works by Marcello Cammi are placed.

Here are three photos taken of these sculptures during a trip made by Tiramisu Bootfighter in July 2022 as part of his project La Valise, Galerie Ambulante.

* Film (1999, 12") by Murie Anssens Marcello Cammi Le jardin secret 1
* Pictures by Roberto Keller Veirana on Flickr
* Pictures (2010-2011) by Marisa Fogliarini on her website
* Pictures by Piero Farina on his website
* Article (January 2008) by Bruno Montpied on his weblog, with pictures (1990)
* Article on the website Costruttori di Babele.
* Article (2012) on SPACES website

* On a video (2018, YouTube, 5'50") Marco Farotto shows the stored sculptures and explains his project to restore them and to exhibit them in a suitable place

Video (6'04", YouTube,  April 2012), "Marcello Cammi" by Olga Caldas, Musée d'art moderne et d'art contemporaine de Nice, 1999

*  Video by Guiliano Sicchiero (YouTube, 6'55", August 2013)

first published March 2010, last revised March 2023

Marcello Cammi
Via del Pescatori
18012 Bordighera. Liguria, Italy
site demolished
in May 2021 the "Giardino di Cammi" with seven
sculptures by Cammi was inaugurated


  1. "Site demolished" and what a powerful feeling these words express, a feeling of no negotiation and no appeal. And who can stand despite it all, against the power of time and nature??. And the useless efforts of Mrs. Cammi in order to preserve it and maybe, to try to convince herslef that it was possible to stand against the inherent changes the time brings with. Nice at least, a little bit of memory could remain, in the shape of a little photography. Moving post Henk, but yet fascinating. Regards and wish you a nice weekend.

  2. Dear Alberto Oliver,
    "The sea gives and the sea takes", something like this mr Cammi may have said. The sculptures he made were done using cement, and they were occasionaly decorated with sea shells, so there is a lot of truth in his obesevation. Probably these creations were not meant to endure the forces of nature, Or fate, because when some french guys tried to save some sculptures from the abandoned garden, they were halted by the police and were not permitted to transport them to a safer place... By the way, in the hilly area just on the other side of the coastal road, where mr Cammi lived, french painter Monet has been walking around to get inspiration for some of his paintings.
    Have a good weekend!

  3. Hello, Henk van Es; I came from
    This post has touched me particularly. Often it takes very little time to destroy what people have built for a lifetime, for neglect, ignorance, fatality or indifference...
    Thank you for sharing with us the story of the sad garden.

  4. Hi Decomondo, Thanks a lot for sharing your thoughts about the story of mr Cammi's sculptures. It is a moving story indeed. It is always sad when someone's lifetime work is gone forever. My blog is a humble effort to make these sites better known, so that the ones that still exist hopefully will get better protection.

  5. Many years ago I was fortunate enough to stumble upon the garden and meet Mrs. Cammi. She gave me some lovely watercolors. Is there anyone out there that collects his work? Would you like to have pictures on them to post on your blog?

  6. @stichT: Hello, thanks for your comment. It would be very interesting to publish a watercolor, if it is somehow related to mr Cammi's artwork. Could you contact me via my e-mail I would be glad to discuss this with you.

  7. Vi segnalo anche
    sto preparando anche altre cose su Cammi.
    Saluti, Marisa Fogliarini.

  8. @ Marisa Fogliarini, thanks a lot for producing these pictures of the rescued sculptures on your website. I have revised my post, inserting the new information.
    Saluti, Henk van Es

  9. We happened upon the site in Jan. '99, and were astounded by the quality and amount of his art. Searches the next year or two yielded nothing. We are happy to see that he has been discovered.
    Sincerely, Macfarlands, Newport Oregon.

  10. @ Anonymous (Macfarlands), You were lucky to visit the garden when it still was as mr Cammi meant it to be. Thanks for the message, aincerely, Henk van Es