In the Sierra del Ferriol, some ten kilometers north of Elche (Alicante province in the south-east of Spain), a quarry has been transformed into an art environment, a creation by Mariano Ros Martinez (b. 1926).
Life and works
Already as a young boy Mariano Ros (the one with the beard in above picture) loved to wander in the mountains, like he also herded goats in the mountaineous area around Orihuela, a city in the Alicante area.
Later, settled in the neighbouring city of Elche as a shoemaker, his love of nature and the outdoors manifested itself in hiking, mountaineering and travelling to destinations such as Mount Kenya, the Kilamanjaro and the Mont Blanc. With a group of friends he founded the Union Excursionista de Elche.
In his mid seventies, around 2000, Ros began sculpting the rocks in Castellar, a location in the Sierra del Tabayá in the neighbourhood of Elche. He had no education in sculpting at all and maybe he was inspired to make sculptures when somehow he carved some rocks when outdoors.
Anyhow, carving stones earned him an amazing experience. As he said in an interview: Estaba ya drogada con las piedras (I became almost stoned by the stones).
Ros' choice of the location in Castellar was not very appropriate, since it was a protected, archeological significant area and after he had made a number of sculptures the authorities ordered him to stop this activity.
Ros was not discouraged and in 2004 he shifted his worksite to another area, an abandoned stone quarry in the Sierra del Ferriol, a site that over the years grew into a popular art environment with some seventy creations.
Different from Ros' first spot, the stones at the quarry are rather soft and easier to carve. Ros also decided to colour the carvings and in this way the depictions acquire the character of high relief frescoes.
Most creations have been made in the upright rock wall and have a vertical or rearwards inclined position. The site also has some (more or less) horizontally situated works, such as a crawling crocodile, a plane, birds, a discobolous and two ladies.
All creations in conjunction form a tribute to the city of Elche. As Ros said in the interview already referred to: Yo a Elche la admiro, la quiero (Elche, I admire her, I love her).
One encounters scenes as pictured above which depict the city as a world heritage with its palm trees which have a protected and UNESCO heritage status indeed. But there are also many scenes that depict daily life in the city, former crafts, local monuments or outdoor activities such as mountainering.
The video's in the documentation below give a good impression of the various scenes depicted in this art environment.
They also show that currently the creations are still in a rather good condition.
In addition to the rock sculptures the site also includes caves equiped with tables and chairs, and the site also has some builded constructions, such as a pyramid with a globe on top.
In making this art environment Mariano Ros was assisted by some friends, among whom Candide Escribano and José Perez Alcaréz, who for example kept the site clean and planted and watered palm trees.
In 2008 the authorities once more ordered Ros to stop and refrain from further enlargement of the site, which at that moment included some seventy creations. Ros, who meanwhile was 82 years old, did not oppose this decision, realising that he did not own the land and that he already was advanced in years.
The art environment such as formed untill 2008, has continued to exist and has become a local landmark. As far as I know no association has been formed to promote the continued existence of the site.
* Interview with Ros (2011) in weblog Aventur-arte-la revista
* Article (july 2013) in Wim Kuyps' weblog about Hondón de las Nieves, with a series of pictures of the site
* Video by Costa Blanca Directory (2'01", Youtube, uploaded may 2015
* Video Illicitanos. Los Mundos de Mariano Ros, by Andrés Maestro Cano (2'38", Youtube, uploaded march 2014)
* Video The artistic Mariano Ros nestled in the mountains of Ferrio. Elche by Jan van Droffelaar (3'54", Youtube, uploaded august 2013)
Elche, Alicante, Comunidad Valenciana, Spain
some ten km north of the city center
route from city center
route from city center