picture from the city of Dives website
When in the 1990's I began researching art environments, la maison bleue was kind of a hidden garden one only could take a look at by secretly peeping over the enclosure wall. Nowadays the site still can be visited only occasionally, but anyhow it has a protected status, restoration has begun and the site has become known rather well.
Life and works
Born in a poor family, Euclide da Costa Ferreira (1902-1984) in 1924 migrated from Portugal to France where he had found work. He first settled down in the Somme area and later on moved to the community of Dives-sur-Mer in Normandy, where in 1947 he was naturalized. He settled in a simple cabin he reconstructed into a house, located on a small plot of land along the rue des frères Bisson.
Employee at the nearby Tréfimétaux metal factory, due to a tuberculosis da Costa in the early 1950's had to stop working.
In 1957 he constructed a monument in memory of Laika, the dog that was sent into space with a Russian sputnik (November 12, 1957). This was the beginning of a project which would keep him active for the next twenty years.
He continued his creative activity by making various replicas, typically a couple of meters high, which represent religious buildings, like the Notre Dame in Lourdes, the Fatima Basilique (1962), the Paris Sacré Coeur (1965) and the Sainte-Rita-de-Cascia (1967). He decorated these constructions with a lot of blue mosaic (pieces of pottery, glass, mirrors, flagstones) and displayed them in the garden of some 300 m² around the house.
Da Costa also made sculptures of all kind of animals, but he hasn't made sculptures representing people.
Around 1977 da Costa ended up making creations. He died in 1984.
this picture and the next one
from the city of Dives website
from the city of Dives website
In 1989 his widow sold the property to the community of Dives, just a short time before she passed away. The couple had no children.
Saving the site for the future.
In 1991 the site was declared a Monument Historique. The city began to restore the garden, which included covering it with a protective device. However, due to the lack of funds in 1994 further activities were suspended.
So the site remained closed for the public, apart from occasional visits arranged by an association of friends, which was founded in 2004.
With the help of a number of sponsors and public authorities enough money was collected to start a project of restoration. In December 2009 the Dives community council decided to start such a project in 2010 . The first phase was a study to see establish which measures should be taken, also meant to raise the interest of other sponsors.
In October 2010 the local authorities decided that the next phase would include the restoration of two important elements of the site, the Laïka Mausoleum and the Sacré Coeur. This project was completed end 2011.
In 2013 the replica of the Notre-Dame de Douvres-la-Délivrande was restored.
* Claude Lechopier, Une mosaïque à ciel ouvert, la maison bleue de Dives. Cabourg (Ed. Cahiers du Temps), 2004. ISBN 2-911855-62.
* A movie by Ferdi Roth, Un jardin aux églises de faience (1979, 12' )
* Also from 1979, a thesis written by Pascale Herman, partly dealing with da Costa. A translation into english of this french text is available in my collection of texts on outsider environments
* Website of the association of friends (new version, in french); there is also an older version
* Article on SPACES website, with pictures by Seymour Rosen (april 1988)
* A collection of pictures (2010) by Sophie Lepetit, in three posts of her weblog: .
- general views
* Video by Ren Ody (3'19", Daily Motion, published 2010)
* Video by La Bicicleta Journal de l'Art (7'26", You Tube, april 2012)
Euclide da Costa Ferreirala Maison Bleue
13 rue des frères Bisson
14160 Dives-sur-Mer, dept Calvados, region Normandy, France
closed for the public, except occasional open days