5. Time line

Beginning in the 1960's this Time Line lists happenings on a meta level in European countries, that mark the development of interest in outsider art environments.

In France, in relation with the many sites in that country, there has always been interest in the phenomenon. Although there also were other approaches, due to the strong influence of Dubuffet's art brut concept, developed in the years after WWII, many french approaches of environments have been embedded in the art brut/outsider art frame. So the time line will list some general works about art brut/outsider art that also pay attention to environments, but it does not present the history of art brut and so it will not begin in the late fourties/early fifties when Dubuffet developed and published his theory and organized expositions.

1962
publication of Gilles Ehrmann's photobook Les inspirés et leur demeures
1966  
first INSITA triennale in Bratislava
1969
Palais Idéal classified as monument historique (first public recognition of the value of an art environment by a european government)

1972    
publication of Roger Cardinal's Outsider Art
1975
Les demeures imaginaires, an early movie (edited by Eric Duvivier, Laboratoire Sandoz, Basel) about the art environments of Simon Rodia, Karl Junker and Picassiette was published
1976
opening of the Collection d'Art Brut in Lausanne
1977  
publication of Bernard Lassus' Jardins Imaginaires
exposition Les Bâtisseurs de l'imaginaire, Chartres photographs of Claude and Clovis Prévost 
1978  
exposition Les singuliers de l'art in Paris
publication of Les inspirés du bord des routes by Jacques Verroust and Jacques Lacarrière

1980
* publication of M. Schuyt, J. Eiffer and G. Collin's Les bâtisseurs du rève
1983  
opening of la Fabuloserie, France
1984  
opening of the musée de l'Aracine, Neuilly s. Marne
founding of Art en Marge, Brussels
* publication of Francis David's Guide de l'art insolite: Nord/Pas de Calais/Normandie
1986
opening Art Naif museum in Halle Saint-Pierre, Paris (renamed 1995)
1989  
opening of Outsider Art Museum, Moscow
* first issue of Raw Vision
start of Création Franche, Bègles

1990  
publication of Les bâtisseurs de l'imaginaire by Claude and Clovis Prévost
   (republished in 2016 in an enlarged edition)
* publication of Claude Arz' La France insolite
1991  
* first issue of french magazine Gazogène
1994
opening of Stadshof museum, Netherlands
1995
* publication of John Maizel's Art Brut/Raw Creation
1996     
donation of the l'Aracine collection to the Lille Art Museum
* founding of Luna Rossa open air museum, Caen
* publication of Olivier Thibaut's Bonjour aux promeneurs
1998  
* first issue of french magazine Zon'art (published untill 2008, no longer available on internet)
1999  
* Journeys into the Outside, a  tv series by Jarvis Cocker, was broadcasted on BBC Channel 4 
* founding of Bruno Decharme's ABCD collection
publication of John Maizel and Deidi Schaewen's Fantasy worlds

2000  
* publication of Colin Rhodes' Outsidert art, spontaneous alternatives
* start of the project Contemporary folk art in Europe - equal rights to creativity (Finland, Estonia, Italy, Hungary, UK, coordinated by Contemporary Folk Art Museum, Finland
2002  
* dutch Stadshof collection moves to dr Guislain museum, Gent, Belgium
2003    
* international conference Manifestations of contemporary folk art and outsider art, Kaustinen, Finland
2004
exposition Outsider Art - everyday creativity (Finnish and Hungarian folk art) and international conference Everyday Art in Budapest (in the context of the equal rights in creativity project)
2005    
start of french weblog Animula Vagula
exposition In another world, Kiasma museum, Finland
2006     
start of spanish weblog El Hombre Jazmin
* publication of Escultecturas margivagantes: la arquitectura fantástica en España, Ed. by Juan Antonio Ramirez
2007  
start of french weblog le Poignard Subtil (by Bruno Montpied)
start of french weblog Les grigris de sophie (edited by Sophie Lepetit)
2008 
* publication of Eva di Stefano's Irregolari. Art brut e outsider art in Sicilia and establishing research group under her guidance Osservatorio Outsider Art (University of Palermo)
start of dutch weblog Outsider Environments Europe (by Henk van Es)
exposition British Outsider Art in Halle Saint-Pierre, Paris
2009  
*start of the travelling exposition Annan Konst (outsider art from Nordic countries) in Göteborg, Sweden
*founding of the European Outsider Art Association
*exposition Backyard Genius, Verbeke Foundation, Kemzeke, Belgium

2010  
publication of Minna Haveri's study Nykykantansaide  (contemporary folk art in Finland)
start of french weblog of Jean-Michel Chesné
re-opening of the Lille Art Museum with wing for the Aracine at brut collection
first issue of italian on-line magazine Rivista dell' Osservatorio Outsider Art (University of Palermo)
founding of Collectif de Réflexion autour de l'art brut CRAB, France
start of italian website Costruttori di Babele, authored by Gabriele Mina (art environments Italy)
exposition ITE art and the Kalevala, Espoo, Finland
2011
* publication of Gabriel Mina (red), Costruttori di Babele, Sulla tracce di architecture fantastische e universe irregulari in Italia
* publication of  ITE Art in Finlandedited by Seppo Knuuttila (Maahenki, Finland)
start of finnish website ITE-net (folk art environments Finland)
* start of the new website about Veijo Rönkkönnen's sculpture park
* publication of Bruno Montpied's Éloge des jardins anarchiques
premiere of the french film Bricoleurs de Paradis (by Rémy Ricordeau/Bruno Montpied)
2012
founding of the association Patrimoines Irréguliers de France
* exposition of italian outsider art in Halle Saint-Pierre, Paris
exposition of three italian creators of environments, Rome
* start of the new website about Jean Linard's Cathedrale
* the website of SPACES appears in a completely revised version, including a documentation of art environments around the world
* start of the new Spanish webmagazine Bric-à-Brac (link not available anymore)
2013
* start of Italian weblog about art environments and irregular art in Tuscia
opening of the Casa-Museo Pietro Moschini in Tuscnia, Viterbo, Italy 
* first ever meeting of the Interest Group of Environnments under auspices of the European Outsider Art Association
* start of Facebook page Outsider Art Environments Europe
* publication of Jo Farb Hernandez' book Singular Spaces,  a scholarly discussion of some fourty Spanish art environments
* start of weblog De l'art improbable aux jardins insolites dans l'Aude et les environs
2014
meeting in Paris of the interest group of outsider environments in connection with the annual general assembly of the European Outsider Art Association
* founding of an association to save the art environment Farm with the airplanes in France after the death of its creator Arthur Vanabelle (the association was dissolved after a private party bought the property; some twenty items have been saved and might be exposed in 2017 in a local museum)
2015
* Italian website Costruttori di Babele, began in 2010, ads a translation into english of its texts
* end may: "Heterotopias", international conference on outsider environments In Europe, Palermo, Messina (the interest group of outsider environments discusses ways of protecting art environments)
* in summer a group of volunteers (student of architectures) were active in fencing and restoring part of Chomo's Village d'art préludien, a first phase of a project that aims to save the site for the future
* french weblog about art brut and environments Animula Vagula,  started in 2005, after ten years terminates its activities early september 2015
* in november publication of the book D'Étonnants jardins en Nord-Pas de Calais, which presents some twenty art environments (of which some fifteen created by people employed by a mining company)
* in december it became known that Bonaria Manca's house, the wall paintings and other creations included, has been awarded a protected status by the Italian department of culture 
2016
* in february it was announced in the regional press that Bonaria Manca's house in the future will become a museum 
* on june 2 Josep Pujiula i Vila, creator of an imposing art environment in Argelaguer, Spain, passed away at age 79, because of a heart attack
* on june 28 Roberta Trapani defended at the National Institute of Art History, Paris, her doctoral thesis Patrimoines irréguliers en France et en Italie. Origines, artification, regard contemporain (Irregular heritages in France and Italy. Origins, artification, contemporary view)
2017
* on january 10 Laurent Danchin passed away; french author of a large variety of books and articles, mainly about art brut and outsider art and curator of expositions in these fields, Danchin was also actively engaged in saving art environments, such as Petit Piere's Manège (la Fabuloserie), Jean Linard's Cathédrale, but especially Chomo's Village préludien
* in november a voluminous book was published in France including an inventory of (almost) all folk art environments in France: Bruno Montpied, Le Gazouillis des éléphants (The chirping of the elephants), Paris (Ed du Sandre), 2017. -936 p.  The first of its kind in France, the inventory presents some 305 folk art environments, in particular those made by self-taught artists with a naive or folk art appearance. See also the page with the annotated bibliography
* late december it was announced that the sculptures in Gabriel Albert's sculpture garden in Nantillé, France, will be refurbished. The cracks will be filled, the mosses and mushrooms removed and a layer of wax will be applied to protect the sculptures.
2018
* in february the Association of friends of Chomo launched a new website about Chomo (1907-1999), the versatile french artist who in the midst of the 1960’s permanently settled in the woods of Fontainebleau on a site he gradually transformed into an art environment named Village d’Art Préludien
* also in february the Madrid newspaper ABC reported that the city council of Mejorada del Campo unanimously supported a motion to initiate the procedure to designate the Cathedral of Justo Gallego Martinez as a Bien de Interés Cultural (which includes a protected status). The local directors will draw up a report on this matter and submit it to the Consejería de Cultura de la Comunidad de Madrid
* around march a new website was published featuring Samuel Jónsson (1884-1969), a farmer who when retired began creating an art environment around his house located in a remote, sparsely populated part of western Iceland. This website collects and publishes information about Jónsson’s life and works and reports about the progress of the project to renovate the site and transform it into a museum 
* on March 12 a book entitled La Pinturitas (=María Ángeles Fernández) was published. Edited by Hervé Couton and with contributions from Laurent Danchin, Jo Farb Hernandez and Sarah Lombardi the book through many photographs presents the murals Fernàndez added to the exterior and interior walls of an abandoned restaurant in Arguelas, Spain
* on march 15 the Lille Art Museum, France, published its website about art environments, entitled Habitants-paysagistes. Cartographie des maisons et jardins singuliers
* on May 28 the first issue in a new appearance of the Spanish internet magazine Bric-a-Brac (about outsider art and art environments) was published The magazine now has an independent status and a new director (Giada Carraro)
* early june the Italian website Costruttori di Babele  (available since medio 2010) appeared in a  fully renewed lay out. In addition to some informative reviews, the familiar overview of art environments known in Italy so far, ordered by region, now appears in a contemporary design and with a variety of illustrations.
* in june it was reported that the the vacant Maison de la Gaieté in Cherac, France, a café-restaurant that between 1937 and 1952 was decorated with mosaic and which was in danger of being demolished. was bought by a private party that aims to bring the site back to its original state while preserving all mosaic
* in september the Walloon Heritage Minister asked the Walloon Heritage Agency to proceed with the opening of an investigation with a view to the possible classification as a monument of the Eben-Ezer tower in Eben-Emael, in Belgium, north of Liège
* in september Pavel Konečný for the first time reported about a so far undocumented art environment in Croatia, created from the 1960's until the 1990's by Emilan Grgurić (1919-1997)

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